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Niigata hidden gems to experience Japan’s unique culture

Explore beyond the usual Tokyo, Osaka and Hokkaido that are on everyone’s usual Japan itinerary. With 47 prefectures, there are lots of hidden gem spots to experience Japan’s unique traditions and culture. On my recent trip to Japan, I did a road trip in Niigata and found some unique activities to do if you are looking to plan a Japan trip that’s not so typical. Read on for my list of Niigata hidden gems!

Matsudai Hoshitoge Rice Terrace Me
Hoshitoge Rice Terraces are just one of the beautiful landscapes found in Niigata

This article is sponsored by Income Insurance. I’m working with Income Insurance to uncover hidden gems on my travels in 2023! Stay tuned for more blogs on cool places that I’ve visited around the world and always make sure you’re covered by Income’s Travel Insurance to travel with confidence. Enjoy up to $15,000 coverage for overseas transport and accommodation expense, including for new COVID-19 variants^ with Income’s Travel Insurance!

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What’s special about Niigata?

Niigata is a prefecture about 2 hours from Tokyo by shinkansen. This region on the northwest coast of Honshu Island gets one of the highest snowfalls in Japan and is most busy in the winter when skiers and snowboarders descend upon this usually quiet rural area.

JNTO Yuzawa Ski Lift View
Niigata’s Yuzawa is a top winter destination in Japan. Photo credit: © JNTO

All that snow has also made Niigata’s water extra pure, and Niigata rice and related products like sake and soba are considered top quality in Japan. You’ll also find plenty of onsens all around this region with a whole variety of minerals and waters to soak in.

Despite it being a top winter destination, Niigata actually has plenty of really cool and unusual things to do in the warmer seasons. I visited Niigata in October as the temperature starts to drop a little but before the autumn leaves start to show.

Matsunoyama Bijin Bayashi Forest Me
Chilling in the Bijinbayashi forest while it was still green

The great thing about warmer periods is not having to deal with snow – Niigata is quite rural so driving is the best way to get around, and for us tropical Singaporeans, driving in snowy/icy conditions can be quite precarious. Check out my driving in Japan guide if you’re planning your own Japan road trip!

While no one wants to get into an accident while driving overseas, it’s good to travel with peace of mind. Income’s Travel Insurance provides medical expenses overseas coverage of up to $1,000,000*.

* Based on an adult under 70 years old who is covered with Income’s Travel Insurance (Standard Preferred Plan or Enhanced PreX Prestige Plan).

Sado Landscape Farm Car
Renting a car gives you more freedom to explore Niigata

Also, it’s generally less crowded all around. While I usually find myself surrounded by other tourists when I visit popular Japan destinations in Honshu like Tokyo, Kyoto and Osaka, this was not the case in Niigata where I mostly saw locals and domestic Japanese tourists. While communication can be a bit more challenging since it’s less touristy and less English is spoken, we still managed to get around with the help of translator apps.

Ready to uncover some of Japan’s hidden gems in Niigata? Here’s a map of my finds, read on to learn more.

Map created with Wanderlog, for making itineraries on iOS and Android

Learn how snow makes food taste better

Hakkaisan Yukimuro – Uonuma

Niigata gets a serious amount of snow every year. We’re talking something like 1-2m of snowfall in a day! You’ll notice the houses in this region all tend to have steep sloping roofs to stop snow accumulation on top of houses.

This massive snowfall isn’t just used for skiing though. The Japanese developed something called yukimuro 雪室 or snow storage, where they collect all this snow and pack it into an insulated warehouse to create a naturally-cooled refrigerator. The snow then melts away very slowly as the days go by – believe it or not it can last until the following winter! These snow cooled storage houses were used to keep food cool and fresh even in the hot summers before electricity and fridges were a thing.

Uonuma Hakkaisan Yukimuro Exterior
Hakkaisan Yukimuro

Here in Uonuma, you can take a free tour of the yukimuro built by sake producer Hakkaisan, an enormous facility that can hold up to 1,000 tons of snow. While straw was the main form of insulation back in the day, the Hakkaisan Yukimuro is much more high-tech today, utilising machinery and metal to keep the snow from melting too quickly.

Uonuma Hakkaisan Yukimuro Tour Old Photos
Some old photos of early yukimuro insulated with straw found at the start of the Hakkaisan Yukimuro tour

I visited in October and found it hard to believe that the cold 5.5°C temperature in the yukimuro was purely because of the pile of snow sitting in one corner of the warehouse and not from air conditioning! The snow pile I saw was already quite small since it’d been there since last winter – typically they pack the snow right to the roof in winter, and over time it gradually melts away until they repack it in the next snow season.

Uonuma Hakkaisan Yukimuro Snow Pile Wide
The small snow pile keeping the temperature at 5ºC. It was actually about 4.4ºC when we first walked in! You can see the boxes of snow-aged food at the bottom, and the sake tanks are on the left side.

If you’re wondering why Hakkaisan has a yukimuro in the first place, it’s because people have found that storing rice, sake and other foods for long periods and ‘snow-aging’ them in these perpetually ice-cold yukimuro somehow makes it taste better. You can buy these special snow-aged foods and liquor in the gift shop.

The end of the tour brings you to the sake tasting section where you can taste all of Hakkaisan’s sake, shochu and other liquors for free. The hidden gem at the bar is the sake that’s been stored in the yukimuro for 3 years and 8 years respectively. In comparison to the standard sake, the 3-year snow cooled sake was distinctly tastier, and the 8-year sake had a really rounded taste right from the first sip!

Uonuma Hakkaisan Yukimuro Sake Tasting 3-8 yr Snow Aged
While all the other sakes are free to taste, you need to pay to taste the 3-year and 8-year snow cooled sakes. But it costs just 400 yen and you get a sampler cup of the 3-year (left) and a full sake glass of 8-year (right).

Visitor info

Hakkaisan Yukimuro is located in Minamiuonuma (South Uonuma) [Google Map]. It’s a part of the larger Uonuma no Sato facility and located 7 minutes drive away from the closest train station – Itsukamachi Station on the JR Joetsu Line.

The Hakkaisan Yukimuro tour is 30 minutes long and is held several times a day. The tour is free – take a queue number from the information counter. The guide speaks completely in Japanese but there are signs and photos in the start of the tour with English translations which basically encompasses what the guide says so you’re not missing much even if you don’t understand Japanese.

Uonuma Hakkaisan Yukimuro Sake Photowall Me
Hakkaisan Yukimuro’s photowall with their sake and shochu bottles on display

What’s nearby

The Uonuma no Sato facility has several other shops and eateries worth stopping by before or after your tour. If beer is more your thing, drive over to the Sarukurayama Brewery which is also owned by Hakkaisan for some craft beer tasting. The burgers here are good and you get a great view of the countryside from here as it’s the highest point in the brewery. [Google map location]

Uonuma Sarukurayama Brewery Exterior
Sarukurayama Brewery sits on top of a little hill
Uonuma Sarukurayama Brewery Beer Flight
Tasting a flight of Sarukurayama’s craft beer – Rydeen beer
Uonuma Sarukurayama Brewery View
Enjoying a view of the mountains around us while sipipng beer

If you’re teetotalling or the designated driver, there is a spot 10 minutes away from the brewery known as the Rydeen-sama water source, which is the water used to make the Rydeen craft beer that Hakkaisan brews. Bring along a bottle – that spring water is pure mountain runoff and super fresh and cold throughout the year! Locals can be spotted filling up large containers with this water. [Google map location]

Uonuma Rydeen Water Source
There’s a spout and some ladles on the left to fill your bottle, and a hose to the right for filling larger canisters!

Experience how art transformed an agricultural region

Echigo-Tsumari Art Field – various districts

Japan has plenty of great museums and cultural treasures, but art lovers may be surprised to find artworks and installations embedded in the rural countryside in Niigata around the Tokamachi region. This is the result of the Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale (ETAT) that first began in 2000 and is now one of Japan’s largest arts festivals, with its most recent edition held in 2022 (postponed from 2021 because of COVID-19).

Matsunoyama House Memory Exterior Sign
Look out for the ETAT yellow wayfinder signs along the roads and markers at the art sites

While ETAT commissions new works every 3 years, what’s interesting is that many of the older works have been maintained and made available for viewing or participation outside the festival period. Many of these works are also deeply embedded into the communities that they are found in, so it’s a great chance to appreciate the local culture through the art on-site.

The region where ETAT is held is also known as the Echigo-Tsumari Art Field, and covers 6 areas including Tokamachi, Kawanishi, Nakasato, Matsudai, Matsunoyama, and Tsunan. It’s pretty much impossible to check out every single piece of artwork over just a few days – I based myself in Tokamachi and spent 2 days driving around which is just scratching the surface of what the region has to offer.

Matsunoyama Last Class Hall
The Last Class by Christian Boltanski and Jean Kalman is set in an old disused school building in Matsunoyama’s Higashikawa Village

Besides looking at artworks, what I found special about ETAT is that it goes beyond the typical galleries and sculptures and also includes accommodation and eating experiences. I stayed overnight at the House of Light, a James Turrell artwork modelled after a traditional house with a really cool lighting programme. Many of the eateries also work with the local communities to provide regional specialties for lunch, dinner and snacks as you explore – I had fantastic Tsumari Pork at Ikote in Tokamachi City.

Tokamachi Ikote Exterior Night
Igloo-shaped Ikote was designed to withstand the high snowfall of Niigata and is both a restaurant and an industry and craft centre

ETAT artworks to check out

The Echigo-Tsumari Art Field website has all the infomation you need about the art and artists, but the sheer volume of works to see can be a bit intimidating to figure out. Here are some of my recommended artworks and hubs that I think casual visitors can fit into their itinerary exploring the region.

Tokamachi City

The Museum on Echigo-Tsumari (MonET) (entry fee/passport required) is the main heart of ETAT and a good place to see a bunch of works and pick up information and maps to plan your route, and perhaps the most comprehensive merchandise store of all the locations. Grab a meal at the beautiful igloo-shaped Ikote nearby. You should also check out the fantastical Hachi and Seizo Toshima Museum of Picture Book Art (entry fee/passport required) in an old disused school.

Tokamachi MonET Palimpsest Viewpoint
On the 2nd floor of MonET looking at Palimpsest by Leandro Erlich – that ‘reflection’ in the water is actually the tile design and not an actual reflection of the current sky in the water

Matsudai

Matsudai is about 30-40 minutes’ drive west of Tokamachi City and for art lovers, it’s a nice area to enjoy a cluster of interesting works. The Matsudai NOHBUTAI Field Museum (entry fee/passport required) near the train station has a good collection of works, and from here you can head to Matsudai Castle (entry fee/passport required) on top of a lofty hill, the atmospheric and haunting The Last Class (entry fee/passport required) and House Memory (entry fee/passport required) which looks like a human-sized spider took over it.

Matsudai Castle First Floor
Not what you’d expect to see when you open the doors of a traditional castle

Kiyotsu Gorge

Kiyotsu Gorge (entry fee/discount with passport) has long been famous as one of the top 3 gorges in all of Japan, but in 2018, the tunnel walk was transformed into the Tunnel of Light with artworks and photo worthy spots against an amazing gorge view. Don’t miss the free footbath and ‘Periscope’ at the gift shop near the entrance and the Soko Museum of Art en route to the gorge.

Kiyotsu Gorge Tunnel of Light Water Mirror Me
Beautiful view of Kiyotsu Gorge enhanced by this artwork by Ma Yansong and MAD Architects

Visitor Info

The outdoor installations of the Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale are free to view, but some of the works require an entry fee. Depending on when you go and how much you want to see, it may make more sense to buy an Admission Passport that grants you entry to all the works for one price.

This passport is usually valid for a few months, but it may be worthwhile to buy even if you are only going to be using it for just a few days. I bought the 2023 passport which was valid from April to November for 2,500 yen and while I didn’t cover everything, it would have cost me 5,400 yen to pay for entrance fees to what we visited if we didn’t have the pass.

ETAT Admission Passport 2023
Admission pass for 2023 season. There are pages that are stamped upon entry at the site. It costs half price if you wish to revisit the same site.

The best time to check out Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale works is on the weekend (Saturday and Sunday) when most of the works are open, but it may also be a lot more crowded. Avoid Tuesdays and Wednesdays because most things are closed then. I visited over Thursday and Friday – it was generally not crowded, but only half the works were open then. Some works are closed in the winter season.

I also checked out the Setouchi Art Triennale which spans the islands in the Setouchi inland sea area, another really cool art festival that’s also worth checking out!

Uncover the evolution of gold mining in Japan

Sado Kinzan Gold Mines – Sado Island

Sado Island off Niigata’s coast is Japan’s largest island in the Japan Sea. One of the more unusual things that Sado Island is known for is its long history of gold and silver mining, from as far back as 400 years ago during the Edo era in the 1600s, through the Meiji period and finally stopping in 1989 at the start of the Heisei period.

Sado’s mines are concentrated largely in Aikawa on the west coast of this butterfly-shaped island, and the mines have been preserved and registered as national cultural treasures and historic properties. There are preparations underway to register the mines as a UNESCO Heritage site as well, so it may be worth visiting now before it becomes too popular in future.

Sado Kinzan Mines Entrance
Sado Kinzan entrance – Doyu mine is to the left, Sodayu mine to the right

Over 400 km of tunnels were dug in this mine’s history, though only a fraction of these tunnels can be visited today. Most visitors can visit the Sodayu and Doyu Mines on their own. Sodayu Mine shows the early Edo era mining conditions through mechanical dioramas and soundscapes in the tunnels. They did a pretty good job of using the space, and it kinda reminds me of a slightly less weird Haw Par Villa.

Sado Kinzan Sodayu Mine Diorama Lumber Worker
Sodayu mine has life size dioramas and mechanical figures that move

You can get separate tickets for each mine, but I recommend getting a combined ticket so you can see both mines and contrast how different early and modern mining conditions are.

Doyu Mine is the more modern one from the Meiji era and only closed as recently as 1989.At first glance it seems a bit duller, but the real action here is that half of this tour takes place outdoors. The highlight point is the Doyu no Warato, where they blasted a hole in the peak of the mountain making it look like someone tried to cleave the mountain open. This allowed them to connect two mining tunnels, and you can actually take a walk to the site of the hole on the mountain side today.

Sado Kinzan Doyu no Warato Sign
The cleave in the mountain – Doyu no Warato

Visitor Info

You’ll need to take a ferry to get to Sado Island. Most of the ferries go from Niigata City to Ryotsu Port on the east coast of Sado Island – jetfoils that take about an hour as well as larger car ferries that take roughly 2.5 hours. You can also take a car ferry from Naoetsu to Ogi Port in the south of Sado Island. More info on prices, schedules and ticket reservations can be made at the Sado Kisen website.

Sado Island is pretty rural, and while there are bus services to get around the island, they don’t come that often so renting a car is a much more efficient way to get around. Sado Kinzan in Aikawa is about 45 minutes’ drive west of Ryotsu Port. I rented a car from Toyota Rent a Car which has a booth right at the Ryotsu port.

Sado Kinzan Museum Exhibits
Museum exhibits and artifacts tell the story of mining in Japan

The combined ticket for Sodayu Mine and Doyu Mine cost 1,500 yen though you can buy tickets for each mine separately as well. Bring a jacket as it is several degrees colder in the mines than outside. The mines can be a bit claustrophobic, expect to do a fair amount of walking. Each mine takes about 30-40 minutes to complete in total. More info can be found on the Sado Kinzan website.

Adventurous visitors can consider booking the private Yamashi Tour for a more intense caving experience that requires a torch and a hard hat – prior bookings are required.

What’s nearby

Very close to Sado Kinzan is the Kitazawa Flotation Plant, an abandoned group of structures which were used to process the ore extracted from the mines. Since the mines shut down they’ve been left as is, and nature has taken over turning it into rather cool green-covered structures.

While you can’t explore the abandoned structures, the real hidden gem is to come back at night as the structures are lit up with rainbow lights. Along with some accompanying atmospheric music, the sight is both quite enchanting and unearthly.

Sado Kitazawa Flotation Plant Remains Day
Kitazawa flotation plant remains are very green in the daylight
Sado Kitazawa Flotation Plant Remains Night
Unearthly feels by night

If you want to try your hand at finding any remnant gold left on the island, you can head to Nishimikawa Gold Park where instead of mining, you can do another old school sourcing technique which is to pan for gold. This facility is located on the site of the Nishimikawa Gold Mine which apparently is even older with a thousand years of history. For 1,000 yen, you can pan the sand-filled troughs here and see how many gold flakes you can come away with. I didn’t try this myself, but panning looks like pretty hard work.

Sado Nishimikawa Gold Park Panning
Panning for gold is an arduous process of shaking sand and water until the gold flakes can be spotted
Sado Nishimikawa Gold Park Flakes
I’m pretty sure everyone who comes here will come away with some gold flakes

Sip and soak in Niigata’s famous sake

Ponshukan – Echigo Yuzawa

With rice as one of Niigata’s defining agricultural products, it’s no wonder that this region has some excellent sake breweries to taste and purchase local brews. While it’s a fun way to explore the region, you might think it would be easier to just taste all the sake in one spot.

Niigata’s Yuzawa region is one of the most accessible places to ski in Japan as it is connected directly by Shinkansen from Tokyo. The Echigo Yuzawa station is home to Ponshukan, a place where over 100 different types of sake from Niigata breweries are available for sampling. When I visited, there were 132 dispensers, mostly of sakes and a handful of wines as well.

Echigo Yuzawa Ponshukan Entrance
Entering Ponshukan – it’s sake time!

500 yen buys you 5 tokens, which lets you try up to 5 different sakes in the shop (some sakes cost more than 1 token). I’m one of those people who can’t handle having too many options, so it’s great that the shop displays recommendations by the shop staff, as well as what sakes recorded the highest sales in the previous month to help make up your mind. It even has some little quizzes that recommend you a sake based on your mood or taste.

Echigo Yuzawa Ponshukan Sake Cup Tokens
Armed with cup and tokens all ready for sake tasting

Of the three Ponshukans in Niigata, one hidden gem that makes the Echigo Yuzawa Ponshukan special is that you don’t just get to drink sake there, but you even get to bathe in it. There is a small sake bath located behind the sake tasting area with a small bath that has sake infused water. Sake is supposed to make your skin supple and also improves blood circulation!

Echigo Yuzawa Ponshukan Sake Bath
Sake hot spring at Echigo Yuzawa Ponshukan

The smell of sake is quite obvious when you first enter the bath, though I wished the bath was a little bigger or more than one pool was available as it might not be so pleasant if it was crowded. It was a nice way to wind down after sake tasting, and with its location right in the train station and special lockers big enough for luggage, it’s not a bad option if you have a long wait for your next train! Here’s my guide on how to onsen in Japan.

I couldn’t take photo inside the bath obviously for privacy reasons, but you can see some photos on the Ponshukan website.

After the bath, indulge in some koji ice cream or a koji latte to cool off – koji is fermented malted rice that is used to make sake. The stall is right next to the entrance of the sake bath.

Echigo Yuzawa Ponshukan Sake Bath Entrance
Like most Japanese onsens, the sake bath is split according to gender

Visitor info

Echigo Yuzawa Train Station is about 1hr 15mins away from Tokyo station by Shinkansen.

Ponshukan is located at three different train stations – Echigo Yuzawa, Niigata and Nagaoka, but the sake bath can only be found at the Echigo Yuzawa outlet. The sake bath costs 800 yen, and you’ll need 2 x 100 yen coins to use the lockers in the bath area (refundable).

Tokens for sake tasting in Ponshukan are bought in batches of 5 for 500 yen, and you are given a small sake cup to do your tasting – return it when you are done.

Remember that if you plan to drink, Japan has a zero tolerance rule when it comes to drink driving, so make sure you’re taking public transport or there’s a designated driver.


Have you been to Japan’ Niigata region? What other hidden gems have you found here? Share them with me in the comments so I have even more reasons to go back in future.

In the meantime, check out all my Japan posts here:

This article is sponsored by Income Insurance. Whether it’s uncovering hidden traditions in remote areas or exploring hidden corners of an island, make sure you’re covered by travel insurance before your trip so you can have fun exploring adventurous hidden gems and travel with confidence. Enjoy up to $15,000 coverage for overseas transport and accommodation expense, including for new COVID-19 variants^ with Income’s Travel Insurance.

Learn more about Income’s Travel Insurance and check out the latest travel insurance promotions here.

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Information is correct as at 10 November 2023.

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